Federal minister for Indigenous Australians Linda Burney says an Indigenous Voice to Parliament can help close the gap between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australian.
Ms Burney's comments come as new Productivity Commission data shows only four of the 19 Closing the Gap targets are on track.
The data includes updates on four of the fifteen Closing the Gap targets, showing two as 'on track' and two 'not on track'.
Progress has been made in the number of First Nations children enrolled in preschool and fewer First Nations youth aged 10-17 years in detention.
Both targets are considered 'on track' to be met by 2025 and 2031 respectively.
However poor results in the number of First Nations children in out-of-home care and First Nations adults in prison continue.
The rate of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander adults held in incarceration and the rate of overrepresentation of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children (0-17 years old) in out-of-home care are both considered 'not on track' and worsening.
Overall just just four of the nineteen Closing the Gap targets are "on track", 11 targets are "not on track" with four targets unable to assess a trend.
Ms Burney said the Voice is a necessary change to better address the disadvantages experienced by First Nations peoples.
"The latest Closing the Gap data shows once again that the status quo is not working," Ms Burney said.
"More of the same isn't good enough, we have to do things differently.
"An Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Voice to Parliament can help us close the gap, because it's only by listening to communities that we can make better policies that lead to better outcomes."
The most recently released Closing the Gap data is more detailed than previous, with new disaggregations for six targets including remoteness, relative socio-economic disadvantage or state and territory.
It shows that that poorer outcomes regarding Closing the Gap targets are still occurring in poorer communities and in those more distant from urban and regional locations.
Assistant minister for Indigenous Australians and assistant minister for Indigenous health senator Malarndirri McCarthy said the new data provides a new viewpoint of the "layers of disadvantage" experienced throughout the country.
"We are all frustrated by the lack of progress on some Closing the Gap targets and it's only through monitoring the data we can move in the right direction," Senator McCarthy said.
"These are clear signs of the layers of disadvantage that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples face and reiterates the importance of working closely with communities and state and territory governments to close the gap."
Ms McCarthy said although 'significant investment' has been made in initiatives for Indigenous Australian's in Labor's first year of government, there was still a long way to go to close the gap between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians.
"…There is still a long road ahead to Closing the Gap in true partnership with Indigenous communities to improve outcomes today and for future generations," she said.
The 2023-24 federal budget invested $1.9 billion in initiatives for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and communities, building on the $1.2 billion invested in the October 2022 Budget.
The Voice to Parliament referendum will be held between October and December this year.